Demonology : Study of Demons
List of Demons, Devils, Tricksters and other Evil Spirits
This section is a study in the world of perceptions of "evil beings." Throughout these pages, you'll find descriptions of different "demons." I realize that some of these "demons" can be considered gods or mythological beings. I've chosen those I found to demonstrate the trickster archetype or have been described as possessing "evil" traits in a predominant belief system.
Throughout religion, folklore, mythology and occultism, a demon is a supernatural being described as something not quite human. In ancient Near Easter religions and Christian demonology, a demon is believed to be an "unclean spirit" which may cause demonic possession. Therefore, an act of exorcism would be necessary to draw the spirit out. In Western occultism, a demon is a supernatural being with the ability to be conjured and controlled. In literature, many demons were once fallen angels, while others were said to be forged in Hell itself.
Some believe a demon refers to superhuman beings who are not gods. It deals both with good beings who have no worshippers or limited to a rank below the gods, and with evil beings of all kinds. The original sense of "demon," from the time of Homer onward was that of a good being; but in English the name now holds the distaste of evil beings.
Demonology is the study of demons or beliefs about demons. Demons, when regarded as spirits, may belong to either of the classes of spirits recognized as human, non-human, separable souls or discarnate spirits which have never inhabited a body. A sharp distinction is often drawn between these two classes, notably by the Melanesians, the West Africans, and others. The Arab djinn, for example, are not reduced to modified human souls; at the same time these classes are often thought as producing diseases.
Demonology, though often referred to with negative feelings, was not always seen as evil or devilish as the term would have one believe. The word demonology is derived from daimon meaning "divinity, divine power, god."
Some societies believe that all affairs of life are under the control of spirits, each with their own "element" or even object and even themselves in subjection to a greater spirit.
Often souls dwelling in another world are not counted in the demon list. Gods are often not necessarily seen as being entirely spiritual and may come in fleshly bodies. Demons are often seen the same as both spiritual and corporeal. Vampires are often seen as another form of said demons along with incubi and Succubi. Incubi and Succubi have been noted to produce offspring; though often deformed. Belief in demons, demonology, goes back many millennia and may be as old as man andd often older. The Zoroastrian faith teaches that there are 3,333 Demons that live among us and are responsible for such things such as war, starvation, sickness etc.
Believed to take the form of "demons" in many forms of religion are:
- 1. Angels in the Christian belief who fell from heaven (grace),
- 2. Human souls said to be genii or familiars,
- 3. Deceased family members that have continued existence and/or possess the ability to influence the fortune of the living,
- 4. Ghosts or other malevolent visible ghost or animated corpse.
Demons in Judaism
The Talmud; the central text of mainstream Judaism which pertains to the Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history; declares that there are 7,405,926 demons that have been divided into 72 companies. While most people believe Lucifer and Satan are the same being, scholars believe they are in fact separate beings.
Demons are said to have come from many instances including the sins of the Watchers and the Grigori; the fallen angels told of in Biblical apocrypha who mated with human females thus giving rise to a new race known as the Neplilim. The split of Admam and Lilith in which Lilith refused to become subservient to Adam and then would not return to the Garden of Eden after she mated with archangel Samael. Vampires are also mentioned as demons, impure spirits in Jewish folklore known as the dybbuk and wicked humans that have become demons.
At that time the Nephilim appeared on earth (as well as later), after the sons of heaven had intercourse with the daughters of man, who bore them sons. They were the heroes of old, the men of renown.
Demons in Christianity
Christian demonology bases its point of view on the Old and New Testaments presented in the Bible. The critical explanation of these scriptures, as well as the scriptures of early Christian philosophers, tradition and legends incorporated from other beliefs composite the Christian demonology perspective.
Christian authors throughout history have written about demons for many reasons. Witch hunters Jacob Sprenger and Heinrich Kramer wrote about how to identify people involved with demons and the actions to take in dealing with these individuals. Theologian Thomas Aquinas wrote about the demon behaviors Christians should be aware of. Texts were written about how to summon demons in the name of God. Other texts were written categorizing and describing different types of demons complete with names and ranks. These texts were mostly rejected as either diabolical or fictitious by the Christian community.
The modern day writers more like Aquinas explain how demons affect the world and how strong faith in God can lessen or vanquish the damage caused by them. There are still Christian authors who proclaim demons and their human agents are present throughout the world today, although these claims are far from mainstream.
Most Christians don't believe demons exist in the world in the literal sense; rather, many believe the exorcisms in the New Testament describe the healing of what today would be classified as mental illness, epilepsy or other diseases.
Demonology: List of Demons, Devils, Tricksters and other Evil Spirits.
Hell Horror takes no responsibility for any views expressed about these spirits/gods and casts no judgement about any one's specific religion/beliefs. This page is meant strictly as reference material.